Japan officially revoked the Covid-19 pandemic national emergency status after successfully leveling the corona virus spread curve on Monday (5/25).
Japan managed to achieve these achievements despite not implementing the strict policy. That is generally done to break the chain of the spread of the corona virus. Only restrictions without penalty or strict sanctions for each violator.
In April, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe decided to expand the status of national emergency after seeing the Covid-19 case jump again significantly. With this emergency status, residents are only encouraged to do independent quarantine and stay at home.
Emergency status in Japan also does not bind residents so that it is still possible to travel. Including working in an office even though working hours are reduced.
Many have doubted Japan’s ability to fight the virus due to the high number of elderly population and population density in Tokyo. In addition there is also a picture of workers crammed into commuter trains.
Japan does not conduct mass virus testing like other countries that have successfully suppressed transmission such as China and South Korea. Hospitals in Japan will only examine symptomatic people.
Japan is highlighted because it is counted as a country with low Covid-19 checking figures, around 270 thousand. That figure is the lowest per capita level in the group of seven developed countries according to the Worldometer.
The Japanese government insisted that mass testing was never part of their pandemic management plan.
But testing has been stepped up in recent weeks due to fears of a chance for a new wave that could break the previous plan.
Under these conditions, Japan was in fact able to suppress the spread with 16,581 corona cases and 830 deaths.
PM Abe praised Japan’s success in casing the curve of the Covid-19 corona virus case. According to him the country was able to show strength called the Japanese style.
But he warned the public must adapt themselves to the life of the “new normal” and still avoid “3 C” which is closed space or closed space. Crowded place or crowded space, and close contact or close contact.
“If we loosen protection, the infection will spread very quickly. We need to be vigilant,” Abe was quoted as saying by AFP.
“We need to create a new lifestyle, from now on we need to change our way of thinking.”
There is not yet a definite reason why the corona virus did not hit Japan severely. Unlike countries on the same level as it is in the world.
Some allegations such as the habits of Japanese people are said to be beneficial in preventing the spread of pandemics. Such as the hygienic habit of removing shoes when entering a room. And bowing as a form of greeting rather than shaking hands or kissing. In addition, Japan is considered to have a very good health system.
But analysts agree that this habit cannot be used as a benchmark for Japan’s success parameters.
Public Policy Professor at Hokkaido University, Kazuto Suzuki, revealed that Japan had a cluster-based approach that was considered successful in breaking the chain of distribution of corona.
According to him, this cluster-based approach is conditioned in an environment where only a few people are infected and the cluster is detected at an early stage.
“In February, when the spread of infection was observed in Hokkaido, a cluster-based approach was adopted. As a result, Hokkaido succeeded in resisting the outbreak,” he said through a column written in the Japan Times.
Suzuki stated that the Japanese model was based on geographical and social conditions in the country and was not always successfully applied in other countries.
“A similar approach was taken by South Korea and Singapore with a more sophisticated personal tracking system, which raises privacy issues. But Japan introduced its own system,” he said.
Tokyo has recorded a decline in cases of infection in recent weeks. Tokyo reported 14 new cases on Sunday (24/5), the highest since May 16, after only two cases were confirmed the previous Saturday. The total for the past seven days is 50 new cases.
With the addition of cases, Economy Minister Yasutoshi Nishimura opened the mobility of citizens in Japan.
However, Nishimura stressed that the government continued to tighten supervision and handling of Covid-19 transmission. While balancing prevention efforts and the impact on economic activities.